Pradaxa Drug Info – Complications and Side Effects

Dabigatran is pronounced da-bi-gat-ran and more simply is pronounced by the name of its branded form: Pradaxa.

What is Pradaxa prescribed for?

Dabigatran, the scientific name for Pradaxa is prescribed to prevent blood clots, thrombi, and the ensuing dangerous strokes and other types of serious blood clots for patients with atrial fibrillation. As it’s often called, A-fib is a condition of irregular heartbeats. Having the condition a-fib raises chances for blood clots all throughout the body, but especially in the lungs, heart, and brain. When happening in the heart valves, it causes cardiac valve disease, and when it occurs in the lungs it is called a pulmonary embolism, and when it happens in the brain it is called a stroke or TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack). Sometimes to get rid of a TIA, they use TPA, which is tissue-type plasminogen activator.

Pradaxa is found in a drug class or group of anticoagulants aka blood thinner’s which are called by the name of direct inhibitors of thrombin. Dabigatran works as it stops blood clots even from being formed inside the different organs of the body.

How Should Pradaxa (aka Dabigatran) be used?

Dabigatran is found in capsule for oral use. Pradaxa can be taken without food or with food twice daily. It is generally prescribed to be used as close to the same time of day each day. It’s important that patients read and understand the risks on the warning label because of the dangerous conditions which can result from improper use. Patients should swallow each capsule they’re prescribed without cutting, chewing, or crushing the pill for any type of use other than ingesting the pill whole. Dabigatran will help prevent strokes and blood clots only as long as you continue to take it. Continue to take dabigatran even if you feel well. Make sure to refill your prescription before you run out of medication so that you will not miss doses of dabigatran. Do not stop taking dabigatran without talking to your doctor. If you suddenly stop taking dabigatran, the risk that you will have a stroke may increase.

Your physician or your pharmacist should also provide you with the manufacturer’s warning and other patient info sheet which is also known as the Pradaxa Medication Guide. As soon as you start treatment of a dabigatran regimen as well as on each subsequent refill of your Pradaxa prescription, you should carefully review the information and ask your physician and pharmacist regarding any questions or concerns you have. If you experiencing any changes in your condition, you should call they immediately and you’re also encouraged to contact the FDA on their website and or contact the manufacturer.


What special Pradaxa precautions should be followed?

Before taking Pradaxa,

  • You should tell your physician and/or your pharmacist regarding any kind of allergic reaction to dabigatran, as well as any other medications which you have an allergy, you should also review the ingredients found in Pradaxa capsules and go to your doctor or pharmacist as well as consult with the Pradaxa Medication Guide to find a list of ingredients.
  • You should speak with your doctor or your local pharmacist regarding your other prescriptions you’re taking besides Pradaxa. You should also talk to them about over the counter or nonprescription drugs which you’re taking. This can also include vitamins as well as nutritional supplements. Also included in this are herbal remedies which you’re consuming or which you have any plans for taking. Especially important for you to mention as you speak with your doctor or pharmacist is if you’re taking any of these anticoagulants or blood thinners’ like warfarin (also known by the names Coumadin and Jantoven), or any kind of regular aspirin usage or any other kinds of NSAIDS (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications) like ibuprofen (known by the brand names Advil and Motrin) as well as naproxen (known by the once daily Aleve over the counter medication), or prescription clopidogrel (known by the brand name Plavix),  as well as dronedarone ( which is known by the brand name Multaq), heparin, as well as ketoconazole (which is known by the brand name Nizoral), prasugrel (known by the brand Effient), and finally having a prescription for rifampin (which is known as prescription brand Rifadin, or brand name Rimactane which is also prescription based). Your physician might need to adjust your doses for your Pradaxa medication or for your other medications. They’ll also need to monitor carefully to make sure that you don’t experience any dangerous side effects from taking Pradaxa (Dabigatran).
  • You should tell your doctor whether you recently have experienced any kind of unusual skin or tissue bruising anywhere on your body as well as any kind of bleeding in your body or on your skin. Your physician can tell you whether or not you should take dabigatran (brand name Pradaxa.)
  • Also important is that you should tell your pharmacist or your doctor whether you’re pregnant or could become pregnant. If you plan on becoming pregnant, as well as if you’re breast-feeding any children. If you have been prescribed and are taking dabigatran, and you become pregnant then you should contact your doctor immediately because taking Pradaxa can increase risks that you’ll experience bleeding of a severe nature during the delivery of your baby.

What Kind of Complications and Side effects has Pradaxa been known to cause?

Dabigatran can cause complications and side effects and you should immediately speak with your physician if you experience any symptoms of a mild or severe nature Even if the symptom comes and goes, you should speak with your doctor immediately:

  • Pain in your stomach
  • Nausea
  • Heartburn
  • nausea

Some of the complications and side effects which are of a serious nature that you may experience in rare cases include the following symptoms. You should contact a doctor right away and obtain emergency care for your condition if necessary. Some of these symptoms include:

  • Bruising of an unusual nature
  • Unusual bleeding
  • Dizziness
  • Urine that is brown or pink
  • Stool that is black, tarry or red
  • Blood being coughed up
  • Any kind of unusual vomiting and especially if it contains bloody material that resembles coffee grounds
  • Gum bleeding caused very easily
  • Rash
  • Nosebleeds
  • Menstrual bleeding that is heavier than normal
  • Itching
  • Unusual bleeding just from simple things like a cut that do not stop as quickly as usual
  • Swelling and/or pain in the joints
  • Headache
  • Any kind of unusual weakness
  • Hives
  • Difficulty swallowing and/or breathing
  • swelling of the arms, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs

Pradaxa can cause additional complications and side effects which you should carefully note and if in any kind of danger you should head to an ER immediately. Also, contact your doctor to explain any kind of unusual side effects or any of the complications and or those listed above.

For serious complications, you should contact the Food and Drug Administration’s

You should also be careful to take the drugs as prescribed and make sure that you don’t overdose. Some of the symptoms which accompany overdose could include these listed conditions:

  • unusual bleeding
  • brown or dark or red urine
  • unusual bruising
  • Tarry or black or red stools
  • coughing up or vomiting material that contains blood and/or looks like coffee grounds
  • coughing blood


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